Edited by Kurt Soldan, J. S. Bach Goldberg variations BWV 988. For piano(harpsichord). With fingerings and introductory text. The Goldberg Vari ations, BWV 988, is a work consisting of an aria and a set of 30 variations. The work is considered to be one of the most important examples of variation form. The Variations are named after Johann Gottlieb Goldberg,who may have been the first performer.